单亲家长尤其是单亲妈妈 大部分睡眠不足


  【24drs.com】根据疾病控制与预防中心(CDC)的新资料,美国的单亲家长,尤其是单亲妈妈,大部分是睡眠不足的一群。
  
  CDC全国健康统计中心的Colleen Nugent博士和Lindsey Black在1月6日的资料简报指出,在18岁以下孩童的家庭中,研究显示,过去几十年来,单亲家庭的比率增加到32%。
  
  研究显示,单亲家长的经济来源比较少,他们的报告发现,睡眠问题是单亲家庭另一个不利情况。
  
  研究者分析了参与2013-2014年国民健康访问调查的18-64岁美国成人代表样本的资料。
  
  他们发现,单亲家长,尤其是单亲妈妈, 比其它类型家庭的成年人更容易睡眠不足、难以入睡与维持睡眠、经常醒来而感到没有得到很好的休息。
  
  资料显示,女性中,有18岁以下小孩的单亲妈妈,43.5%的夜间睡眠少于建议的7小时,这比率高于双亲家庭的成人(31.2%)和没有小孩的成人(29.7%)。
  
  男性中,有幼童的单亲爸爸,37.5%的夜间睡眠少于7小时,这比率高于没有小孩的成人(32.3%)。
  
  和小孩同住的单亲妈妈,近四分之一(23.8%)表示经常难以入睡,和小孩同住的单亲爸爸也有17.3%如是表示,这比率都高于双亲家庭的成人与没有小孩的成人,单亲家长也更可能会经常难以维持睡眠。
  
  约半数单亲家长表示,过去一周经常醒来而感到休息不够,双亲家庭的成人中,则是每10名成人中只有4人如此;没有小孩的成人则是约有三分之一如此。
  
  研究者报告指出,在每个家庭类型中,女性比男性更可能经常难以入睡与维持睡眠、且经常醒来而感到休息不够。
  
  至于使用睡眠辅助方面,双亲家庭中,有3.9%的成人表示,在过去一周,至少有4次服用药物帮助入睡或维持睡眠,而没有和小孩同住的成人则是有7.9%如此,单亲家长有7.3%如此。
  
  Nugent和Black在简报中表示,对任何年龄层而言,睡眠都会影响多方面的健康与生活质量。没有足够的夜间睡眠与睡眠质量不佳,与一些健康问题的风险增加有关,包括糖尿病与心脏病、心智健康疾病(如忧郁症),也会造成驾驶和职场上的意外。
  
  他们指出,获得充足睡眠是全国性的健康目标,也是公卫的优先事项。
  
  资料来源:http://www.24drs.com/
  
  Native link:Single Parents, Moms Especially, Most Sleep-Deprived

Single Parents, Moms Especially, Most Sleep-Deprived

By Megan Brooks
Medscape Medical News

Single parents, especially mothers, are the most sleep-deprived group in the United States, according to new data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Among families with children younger than 18 years, research has shown that the percentage of single-parent families has increased to 32% over the past several decades, Colleen Nugent, PhD, and Lindsey Black, MPH, from the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics, note in their January 6 data brief.

"Research has shown that single parents have fewer financial resources and this report finds that sleep is another domain in which single-parent families are disadvantaged," they add.

The researchers analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of US adults 18 to 64 years old who participated in the 2013–2014 National Health Interview Survey.

They found that single parents, especially mothers, were more likely than adults in other types of families to have short sleep duration, frequently have trouble falling asleep and staying asleep, and frequently wake up feeling not well rested.

Among women, 43.5% of single mothers who live with children under the age of 18 sleep less than the recommended 7 hours of nightly sleep, which is higher than for adults in 2-parent families (31.2%) and adults living without children (29.7%), the data suggest.

Among men, 37.5% of single fathers with young children get fewer than 7 hours sleep nightly — more than adults living without children (32.3%).

Nearly a quarter (23.8%) of single mothers who live with children report frequently having trouble falling asleep, as do 17.3% of single fathers with kids in the house, which is higher than for adults in 2-parent families and adults without children. Single parents were also more likely to frequently have trouble staying asleep.

Public Health Priority

Roughly half of single parents report frequently waking up feeling not well rested in the past week, compared with only 4 in 10 adults in 2-parent families and one third of adults without children.

Within every family type, women were more likely than men to "frequently" have trouble falling asleep and staying asleep and to frequently wake up feeling not well rested, the researchers report.

As for use of sleep aids, 3.9% of adults in 2-parent families reported taking medication to help them fall asleep or stay asleep at least 4 times in the past week, compared with 7.9% of adults living without children and 7.3% of single parents.

Sleep affects many aspects of well-being and quality of life for people of all ages. Not getting enough nightly sleep and poor-quality sleep has been linked to increased risk for physical health problems, including diabetes and heart disease, mental health issues (such as depression), and driving and workplace accidents, Nugent and Black note in their brief.

"Getting sufficient sleep is a national health objective and a public health priority," they point out.

The authors have disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

NCHS Data Brief. Published online January 6, 2016.

    
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