你的宠物让你半夜睡不好吗?


  【24drs.com】和宠物一起睡会感到温暖,但是可能无法一夜好眠,根据一篇新研究,和宠物一起睡会导致睡眠质量不好。
  
  美国堪萨斯大学医学中心的Sowjanya Duthuluru医师表示,如果有人说他失眠,问看看他是否养宠物且和宠物一起睡觉,如果是,那就可能是造成他睡眠问题的原因。
  
  Duthuluru医师在联合专业睡眠协会、SLEEP 2014年会发表研究结果。
  
  Duthuluru医师解释,以前有研究探讨婴幼童和父母亲一起睡对双亲睡眠质量的影响,这次是首度探讨宠物影响的研究。
  
  她们对在家庭医学科诊所候诊的298名成人进行有关宠物和睡眠质量的调查。报告指出,有养宠物的148人中,将近三分之一(30%)表示每晚至少醒来一次。
  
  Duthuluru医师表示,超过半数饲主(54%)和狗(58%)或猫(42%)同房或同床睡,总共有57%饲主和毛小孩一起睡,是相当高的比率。
  
  四分之三饲主是和单一只宠物同床睡,四分之一饲主和两只宠物同床睡,大部分表示每周有一天晚上和宠物同床睡,而有8%表示每周有4天或更多天和宠物睡;根据「Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index」量表,这些人的睡眠质量不佳(P = .03)。
  
  这些饲主中,5%表示难以维持睡眠或者被宠物吵醒后难以再度入睡。
  
  Duthuluru医师表示,对有失眠病史的患者询问是否有养宠物,将会发现失眠背后的潜在因素。
  
  该研讨会中发表的另一篇相关研究也认为,宠物最好不要进入卧室。
  
  亚历桑那州凤凰城梅约诊所睡眠医学中心Lois Krahn医师等人在综合睡眠问卷中调查了110名病患的宠物饲养情况,询问宠物类型与数量、宠物睡哪里、任何值得一提的行为、宠物在晚上是否会吵闹。
  
  他们发现,46%的病患有宠物且42%有超过1只,大部份是养犬、猫或鸟,其中有一个家庭养5只狗和1只猫。
  
  研究者表示,10%的饲主在调查中表示,曾经在晚上因为宠物在室内游荡、打鼾、呜咽、或想要「去外面」,而干扰他们的睡眠,有一个人养的鹦鹉固定在早上6点开始啼叫。
  
  他们结论指出,睡眠专家应该询问病患的宠物饲养情况,以帮助患者找到解决睡眠问题的最适当方法。
  
  未参与研究的Christopher Winter医师表示,就我个人的观点,病患通常会说「我养的这只老狗会打呼且每15分钟就要上厕所,我该怎么办?」我的第一个想法一定是,让宠物在卧室外面。
  
  维吉尼亚州Charlottesville Martha Jefferson医院睡眠医学中心、医疗主任、美国睡眠医学院会员Winter医师表示,宠物不应该是床伴,我们不要让孩子和我们睡,但是有某些人基于某些原因认为宠物不一样,而宠物实际上在对睡眠的影响等许多方面比孩子还糟糕。
  
  资料来源:http://www.24drs.com/professional/list/content.asp?x_idno=7090&x_classno=0&x_chkdelpoint=Y
  

Is Your Pet Keeping You Up at Night?

By Megan Brooks
Medscape Medical News

MINNEAPOLIS — Sharing the bed with your pet may give you a warm feeling but not a good night's sleep, according to a new research finding that cosleeping with pets can lead to poor sleep quality.

"If someone has insomnia, check if they have a pet and where the pet sleeps. If the pet sleeps in the bed, it may be a contributing factor to their sleep problems," Sowjanya Duthuluru, MD, from University of Kansas Medical Center in Kansas City, noted in an interview with Medscape Medical News.

She presented the findings here at SLEEP 2014, the 28th annual meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.

"Previous studies have looked at the impact of infants and children sleeping in the parents' bed on sleep quality, but this is really the first study that has looked at pets," Dr. Duthuluru explained.

Annoying at Night

She and her colleagues had 298 consecutive adults in the waiting room of a family practice clinic complete a survey about their pets and sleep quality.

Of the 148 pet owners, nearly one third (30%) reported being awakened at least once per night by their pet, Dr. Duthuluru reported.

More than half of pet owners (54%) said they shared their bed or bedroom with their dog (58%) or cat (42%). Fifty-seven percent admitted to sharing the bed with their furry friend, which is "quite a lot," Dr. Duthuluru told Medscape Medical News.

Three quarters shared the bed with a single pet and one quarter had 2 pets in bed with them. Most said they slept 1 night per week with their pet in the bed, but 8% did so 4 or more nights per week; these people had poor sleep quality on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (P = .03).

Among all pet owners, 5% reported difficulty maintaining sleep or having trouble falling back to sleep after being awakened by their pet.

Dr. Duthuluru said asking about pet ownership during an insomnia history may reveal a "hidden factor behind insomnia."

Not Good Bed Partners

A related study reported at the conference also suggests it's best to keep the family pet out of the bedroom.

Lois Krahn, MD, and colleagues at the Mayo Clinic Center for Sleep Medicine in Phoenix, Arizona, surveyed 110 consecutive patients about their pets as part of a comprehensive sleep questionnaire. They asked about the type and number of pets, where the animals slept, any notable behaviors, and whether the patients were ever disturbed by their pet at night.

They found that 46% of the patients had pets and 42% had more than 1 pet, most often dogs, cats, and birds. One household had 5 dogs and 1 cat.

Ten percent of pet owners surveyed reported being annoyed that their pets sometimes disturbed their sleep by wandering, snoring, whimpering, or needing to "go outside" during the night. One person owned a parrot that consistently squawked at 6:00 a.m., the researchers say.

"Sleep specialists should inquire about companion animals and help patients problem solve about methods to optimize their sleep," they conclude.

"From my perspective, patients will often say, 'I have this old dog that snores and has to go to the bathroom every 15 minutes, what should I do?' And my first thought always is, get rid of that pet," Christopher Winter, MD, who wasn't involved in the study, told Medscape Medical News.

Pets should not be a bed partner, said Dr. Winter, medical director, Martha Jefferson Hospital Sleep Medicine Center in Charlottesville, Virginia, and member of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. "We don't want kids sleeping in our beds, but for some reason some people think pets are different, but pets are probably worse than kids in a lot of ways," he said.

The study authors have disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

SLEEP 2014: 28th Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies. Posters 0540 and 0844. Presented June 2, 2014.

    
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