芳香疗法可缓解工作压力


  【24drs.com】根据一篇小型研究结果,芳香疗法可以帮助舒缓肿瘤科护士的工作相关压力。
  
  位于俄亥俄州哥伦布市的James癌症医院,当精油飘散在护理站的空气中时,护理人员表示比较不会受到紧张、担心和被要求的影响。
  
  Kelly Tomlinson-Pinkham表示,病患说她病房中的精油挥发器对她相当有帮助,这让我想到,说不定对我们的员工也可以有帮助。
  
  她和她的研究团队在肿瘤护理协会第39届年会中发表这些研究结果。
  
  研究者表示,工作压力、同情疲劳和倦怠等,一直是肿瘤科护理人员的问题,工作压力对健康和表现都有负面影响;研究显示,辅以替代疗法如芳香疗法,可以帮助缓解心理压力。
  
  为了了解芳香疗法是否可以帮助James癌症医院的护士,Tomlinson-Pinkham等人进行了一项为期6周的研究,研究期间使用一种愉快气味的精油、扩散在中央护理站。
  
  他们采用「员工认知工作压力问卷(Perceived Staff Work-Stress Questionnaire)」调查芳香疗法介入前后的员工压力,这问卷有30个问题、以李克特式量表(Likert-type survey)分析4个面向:紧张、忧虑、要求和缺乏喜悦。
  
  25名员工的回覆显示其中3个面向有显著改善,平均而言,紧张分数从43减少到37 (P= .002),忧虑分数从26减少到20(P= .013),要求分数从41减少到34 (P= .049)。
  
  Tomlinson-Pinkham表示,唯一没有正面影响的是缺乏喜悦这项,其分数上升,在研究期间,有许多病患往生且有许多年轻患者,所以持续有许多压力源,或许因此而造成这项结果。
  
  她指出,介入之后,大部份员工对于芳香疗法有更多了解,并且愿意在规律基础上加以尝试。
  
  加拿大Calgary大学肿瘤科教授、Tom Baker癌症中心社会心理资源部临床心理师、研究主任、未参与此次研究的Linda Carlson博士表示,重点在于,这是一个非随机、知情的、在小样本护理站进行的前后对照研究。
  
  Carlson博士表示,在介入期间,这些护士表示在紧张、忧虑和要求这几项有显著改善,且她们似乎还满喜欢这个方法的。这次可说是正面但相当初步的结果,因为没有对照组,所以无法结论说是芳香疗法造成改善;可能是因为那段期间的其它任何事情导致。
  
  资料来源:http://www.24drs.com/professional/list/content.asp?x_idno=7077&x_classno=0&x_chkdelpoint=Y
  

Aromatherapy May Ease Work Stress

By Megan Brooks
Medscape Medical News

Aromatherapy could help relieve work-related stress among oncology nurses, according to the results of a small study.

When an essential oil was diffused in the nurses station at James Cancer Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, the nurses reported being less affected by tension, worry, and demands.

"A patient who had a diffuser in her room was saying how much it helped her; that's how we got the idea of seeing whether it could help our staff," Kelly Tomlinson-Pinkham, MSN, RN, OCN, told Medscape Medical News.

She and her colleagues presented their study at the Oncology Nursing Society 39th Annual Congress in Anaheim, California.

The problem of work stress, compassion fatigue, and burnout are well documented among oncology nurses, say the investigators. Work stress can negatively affect health and performance. Research shows that complementary alternative medicine approaches, including aromatherapy, can help ease psychological stress.

To see if it would help the nurses at James Cancer Hospital, Tomlinson-Pinkham and colleagues conducted a 6-week study, during which a pleasant-smelling essential oil was diffused in the central nurses station.

They measured staff work stress before and after the aromatherapy intervention using the Perceived Staff Work-Stress Questionnaire. This 30-question Likert-type survey has 4 subscales: tension, worry, demands, and lack of joy.

Responses from 25 staff members indicated significant improvement on 3 of the subscales. On average, scores for tension fell from 43 to 37 (P = .002), scores for worry fell from 26 to 20 (P = .013), and scores for demand fell from 41 to 34 (P = .049).

"The only subscale that did not reflect a positive effect was the lack of joy, which actually increased. But at the time, we had a lot of deaths on the floor and we had a lot of young patients on the floor, so we had a lot of stressors going on, which may have contributed to this outcome," Tomlinson-Pinkham said.

After the intervention, the majority of staff felt more knowledgeable about aromatherapy and open to "trying it" on a regular basis, she added.

Positive But Preliminary

It is important to note that this was a "nonrandomized, nonblinded pre–post study in a nursing station with a small sample," said Linda Carlson, PhD, RPsych, a clinical psychologist and director of research in the Department of Psychosocial Resources at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre, and professor in the Department of Oncology at the University of Calgary in Alberta, Canada, who wasn't involved in the study.

"The nurses reported significant improvements in tension, worry, and demands over the course of the intervention, and they seemed to like it," Dr. Carlson told Medscape Medical News. "These would be considered positive but very preliminary data. You can't conclude that the improvements were due to the aromatherapy without a comparison group; it could have been because of anything going on during that time frame," she said.

doTERRA supplied 1 essential oil diffuser and 12 bottles of essential oils. The investigators and Dr. Carlson have disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) 39th Annual Congress: Poster 42. Presented May 1, 2014.

    
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