暖身有助于避免高尔夫球运动的运动伤害


2003 年 6 月 6 日—根据一项发表于American Journal of Sports Medicine 5 月/6 月号的回顾性群组研究结果显示,大多数进行高尔夫球运动受伤的人,皆是因为运动过度所致,研究发现,在运动前暖身10分钟可以减少受伤的危险。
  
  德国 Muenster大学的Georg Gosheger博士表示,尽管高尔夫球运动已经越来越流行,但是却缺少可靠的高尔夫球受伤之流行病学数据,特别是关于这种伤害的严重性资料。
  
  作者随机地在二个高尔夫球季,选择703座高尔夫球场,完成了六页的研究表,并分析受伤者的资料;作者发现,在637位受伤者中,526人(82.6%)与运动过度有关,而111人(17.4%)是单纯的外伤事件,受伤程度的严重性中,轻微受伤占51.5%,中度占26.8%,而严重受伤占21.7%,年龄、性别和身体质量指数皆无法预测受伤者的人数。
  
  研究也指出,专业的高尔夫球选手更常受伤,这些伤害通常发生于背部、腕部和肩膀,另外,业余爱好者多发生于肘部、背部和肩部,而背著高尔夫球包与下背部、肩和脚踝的受伤有关,研究提出,如果在运动前先进行暖身至少 10 分钟,将可以保护他们免于受伤,但是这项研究的限制包括可能的挑选偏见、主观报告和回忆偏见。
  
  研究者指出,总而言之,高尔夫球是一种相当良好的活动,如果能避免运动过度会更理想,因为如果运动过度,高尔夫球将会导致严重、积习难改的肌肉与骨骼问题。

Warm-Up Helps Prevent Golfing<

By Laurie Barclay, MD
Medscape Medical News

June 6, 2003 — Most golf injuries are from overuse, according to the results of a retrospective cohort study reported in the May/June issue of the American Journal of Sports Medicine. Warm-up routines lasting more than 10 minutes tended to reduce the risk of injury.

"Although golf is becoming more popular, there is a lack of reliable epidemiologic data on golf injuries and overuse syndromes, especially regarding their severity," write Georg Gosheger, MD, and colleagues from the University of Muenster in Germany.

The authors analyzed injury data from a six-page questionnaire completed by 703 golfers randomly selected over two golfing seasons. Of 637 reported injuries, 526 (82.6%) involved overuse and 111 (17.4%) were single traumatic events.

Severity of reported injuries was minor in 51.5%, moderate in 26.8%, and major in 21.7%. Age, sex, and body mass index did not predict number of injuries.

Professional golfers were injured more often, typically in the back, wrist, and shoulder, whereas amateurs reported many elbow, back, and shoulder injuries. Carrying the golf bag was associated with injury to the low back, shoulder, and ankle. If warm-up routines were at least 10 minutes long, they helped protect against injury.

Study limitations include possible selection bias, subjective reporting, and recall bias.

"Overall, golf may be considered a rather benign activity, if overuse can be avoided," the authors write. "If not, golf can result in serious, chronic musculoskeletal problems."

The authors report no pertinent financial disclosures.

Am J Sports Med. 2003;31:438-443

Reviewed by Gary D. Vogin, MD

    
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